Latin America. In the region, the demand for professionals with ICT skills will exceed supply and lack 449,000 full-time employees 2019, according to the study on Skills Networks in Latin America, commissioned by Cisco to the company IDC.
This gap makes companies and governments face the challenge of finding professionals with the right skills, enabling them to drive innovation to be competitive globally.
The study analyzes the availability of ICT professionals with skills in the region between 2015 and 2019 10 in countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. In 2015, there was a gap 474,000 network professionals in the region, although this represents a slight decrease of 1.4 percent forecasted demand for 2019, the evolution of networks and the road to digitization represent new challenges professionals, requiring more extensive infrastructure to develop and manage robust and flexible networking skills.
The skills needed in emerging network technologies include video, cloud, mobility, data centers and virtualization, big data, cyber security, and software development IoT; in addition to basic networking skills such as knowledge of routing and switching, security, wireless, unified communications and collaboration.
Additionally ICT professionals required, must develop other non-technical skills such as English proficiency, teamwork, problem solving, project management, creativity and innovation, communication skills and an entrepreneurial attitude. This shows that networking professionals need to combine technical and non-technical skills to support increasingly complex business environment.
Other relevant data in the study is related to the inclusion of women. On average, women's participation in networking equipment in organizations is the 13.3 percent; and there is a 15.7 percent of companies have no women on their teams in this area. According to UNESCO, women account for 31 percent of all students in Computer Science majors and Engineering in Latin America, so there are still opportunities for improvement in this area.
The gap detected in the study by country is as follows:
- Argentina: In 2015 had a shortfall of 13,580 full-time employees (FTE) with skills in networking and is expected to be 2019 12,771. In the case of professionals with skills in emerging technologies the gap will 82%.
- Brazil: In 2015 had a shortfall of 195,365 2019 FTE and is expected to be 161,581. In the case of emerging technologies professionals required in the gap it is 59%
- Chile: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 19,513 and 2019 5,302 and will be a gap of 79% of professionals with skills in emerging technologies
- Colombia: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 28,530 and 2019 25,195 will FTE. The shortage of professionals with skills in emerging technologies will 66%
- Costa Rica: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 4,898 and 2119 3,566 be, with a gap of 74% of professionals with skills in emerging technologies
- Ecuador: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 8,669 and 2019 9,201 be. And it will 62% gap professionals with skills required in emerging technologies
- Mexico: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 157,934 and 2019 148,052 be. And have a gap 49% of professionals with skills in emerging technologies
- Peru: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 15,352 and 2019 17,148 be, with a gap of 94% of professionals with skills in emerging technologies
- Dominican Republic in 2015 he had a shortfall of FTE 6,090 and 2019 6,639 be. The shortage of professionals with skills in emerging technologies will 65%
- Venezuela: In 2015 had a shortfall of FTE 7,826 and 2019 23,167 the figure will be.
According to the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), on average, countries in Latin America to increase broadband penetration in 10 percent have an associated increase 3.19 percent of its gross domestic product. For this is reason, among others, is very important to make a joint effort between academia, government and the private sector to help improve the number of professionals with ICT skills that will help to accelerate economic growth, enhance productivity and allow creation of new jobs.
IDC conducted interviews 760 10 countries in Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. Interviews were segmented by vertical industry and segment sizes: government, health care, education, telecommunications, financial services, manufacturing, wholesale and retail, media and broadcasting, publishing, travel, transportation and distribution, resources and services, and companies with more than 100 employees.
Respondents were selected based on their responsibilities and administration infrastructure networks, involved in network design, operation and maintenance, installation and support.
The interviews were conducted in the native language of respondents (Spanish and Portuguese). To estimate the skills gap networking, IDC designed a model that considered research practices continuous on networks and information technology IDC and data sources with the results of the interviews to provide an accurate view of supply and demand for skills.