Latin America. The Internet is made up of thousands of public and private networks around the world. And since it came to life in 1984, more than 4,7 zettabytes of IP traffic have navigated through it. This is equivalent to the fact that all the movies that have been made in history cross global IP networks in less than a minute.

However, according to the new Cisco Visual Networks Report - Visual Networking Index (VNI), this is just the beginning. For 2022 there will be more IP traffic crossing global networks than in all "Internet years" combined up to 2016. In other words, more traffic will be created in 2022 than in the 32 years since the Internet began. Where will that traffic come from? From all of us, from our machines and the way we use the internet. For the 2022, the 60% of the world population will be Internet users. More than 28 billion devices and connections will be online. And the video will represent the 82% of all IP traffic.

"The size and complexity of the Internet continue to grow in ways that many could not have imagined. Since we started the VNI Report in 2005, traffic has been multiplied by 56, accumulating an annual growth of 36%, because more people, devices and applications access IP networks, "said Jonathan Davidson, Senior Vice President and General Manager of Cisco Service Providers. "Global service providers focus on transforming their networks to better manage and route traffic, while providing premium experiences.Our ongoing research helps us obtain and share valuable information about the technology and the architectural transitions that our clients must do to succeed. "

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Key forecasts for 2022
Cisco's VNI Report analyzes the impact that users, devices and other trends will have on global IP networks over a five-year period. From 2017 to 2022, Cisco predicts:

1 Global IP traffic will triple
• Global IP traffic is expected to reach the 396 exabytes per month in 2022, compared to the 122 exabytes per month registered in 2017. That's 4.8 zettabytes of traffic per year for 2022.

• In 2022, the time of greatest Internet traffic will be six times more active than the average. Internet traffic at peak hours will increase almost five times (37% annual growth) from 2017 to 2022, reaching 7.2 petabytes per second for 2022. In comparison, average Internet traffic will increase almost four times (30% annual) during the same period to reach 1 petabyte per second in 2022.

2 Global internet users will make up the 60% of the world's population
For the 2022 year, there will be 4.800 millions of Internet users. This represents an increase of 3.400 million from 2017 (45% of world population).

3 Devices and global network connections will reach 28.5 billion
For the 2022 year, there will be 28.5 billion connections and personal fixed and mobile devices, compared to the 18 billion or 3.6 devices / network connections per person, of 2.4 per person accounted for in 2017.
More than half of all devices and connections will be machine-to-machine for 2022, an increase of 34% from 2017. That's 14.6 billion connections of intelligent speakers, accessories, devices and everything else, of 6.1 billion.
The speed of global broadband, Wi-Fi and the connection in mobile phones will at least double
The average global fixed broadband speed will almost double from 39.0 Mbps to 75.4 Mbps.
The average speed of the global Wi-Fi connection will be more than double, from 24.4 Mbps to 54.0 Mbps.
The average global mobile connection speed will more than triple from 8.7 Mbps to 28.5 Mbps.
Video, games and multimedia will represent more than 85% of all traffic
IP video traffic will quadruple for 2022. As a result, it will represent an even greater percentage of total IP traffic than before: up to 82%, from 75%.
It is expected that game traffic will multiply by nine from 2017 to 2022. It will represent 4% of total IP traffic in 2022.
Virtual and augmented reality traffic will skyrocket as more consumers and businesses use the technologies. For the 2022 year, the virtual and augmented reality traffic will reach the 4.02 exabytes / month, compared to the 0.33 exabytes / month registered in 2017.
Details of regional IP traffic growth (2017-2022)

Asia Pacific: 173 exabytes / month for 2022, 32% CAGR, four times growth
North America: 108 exabytes / month for 2022, 21% CAGR, three times growth
Western Europe: 50 exabytes / month 2022, 22% CAGR, three times growth
Central and Eastern Europe: 25 exabytes / month for 2022, 26% CAGR, three times growth
Middle East and Africa: 21 exabytes / month for 2022, 41% CAGR, six times growth
Latin America: 19 exabytes / month for 2022, 21% CAGR, three times the growth

Cisco VNI Report Methodology
The full Cisco VNI Report for 2017 to 2022 is based on independent analyst forecasts and real-world network usage data. On this basis are Cisco's own estimates for global IP traffic and adoption of the service. A detailed description of the methodology is included in the full report. Throughout its 13 years of history, Cisco® VNI research has become a much appreciated measure of Internet growth. National governments, network regulators, academic researchers, telecommunications companies, technology and press experts and industry / business analysts rely on the annual study to help plan the digital future.

Richard Santa, RAVT
Author: Richard Santa, RAVT
Editor
Journalist from the University of Antioquia (2010), with experience in technology and economics. Editor of the magazines TVyVideo + Radio and AVI Latin America. Academic Coordinator of TecnoTelevisión & Radio.

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